What is Emergency Planning?
Emergency Planning is ensuring that we have the plans, procedures, systems, training, expertise and resources in place so that we are able to respond effectively to emergencies.
Who does emergency planning and business continuity apply to?
The Civil Contingencies Act 2004 places statutory duties on a number of organisations to work together (e.g. emergency services, local authorities, health services and other government and private sector organisations) so that they can effectively respond, individually and collectively, to emergencies.
Emergencies can affect everyone and therefore we all need to consider how we can prepare ourselves for the unexpected.
What constitutes an emergency?
An emergency, as defined in Part 1 of the Civil Contingencies Act 2004, is: An event or situation which threatens serious damage to human welfare in a place in the UK, the environment of a place in the UK, or war or terrorism which threatens serious damage to the security of the UK.
Examples of such emergencies may include:
- Severe weather conditions such as the Birmingham Tornado
- Major river or flash flooding due to intense rainfall
- Acts of terrorism such as the London bombings
- A major oil or fuel disaster such as the Buncefield Fire
Who declares an emergency / major incident?
Usually a major incident is declared by the emergency services, who will inform other organisations who may need to be involved.